Companies Act 2013

Formation of Company under Companies Act 2013

When starting a company under the Companies Act 2013, you’ll find yourself navigating through a maze of rules and regulations. The formation process involves careful planning, meticulous documentation, and adherence to legal requirements.

Understanding the various types of companies allowed under the Act is crucial. From drafting the Memorandum and Articles of Association to appointing directors and promoters, each step demands attention to detail.

Ensuring compliance with filing obligations is essential for a smooth incorporation. By following the prescribed procedures diligently, you can establish your company on a strong legal foundation, ready to embark on its journey in the business world.

Types of Companies Under the Act

Types of Companies Under the Act

When forming a company under the Companies Act 2013, it’s essential to understand the various types of companies recognized by the Act.

The Act primarily identifies four main types of companies: private companies, public companies, one-person companies, and small companies.

Private companies, limited by shares or guarantees, restrict the transferability of shares and prohibit inviting the general public to subscribe to their shares or debentures.

On the other hand, public companies can freely transfer shares and invite the public to invest in their securities.

One-person companies are a new concept under the Act, allowing a single individual to form a company, while small companies enjoy certain exemptions and privileges to aid in their growth and sustainability.

Understanding these distinctions is crucial for making informed decisions during the company formation process.

Incorporation Procedure and Requirements

To incorporate a company under the Companies Act 2013, you must adhere to specific procedures and meet certain requirements.

Firstly, choose a unique name for your company that complies with the Act’s guidelines. Then, file an application for name availability with the Registrar of Companies (RoC).

After obtaining name approval, prepare the requisite documents, such as the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA). Ensure these documents are duly signed by the subscribers and witnesses.

Next, submit these documents along with the application for incorporation to the RoC. Upon verification and approval, the RoC will issue a Certificate of Incorporation.

Memorandum and Articles of Association

Memorandum and Articles of Association

Before incorporating a company under the Companies Act 2013, you must understand the significance of the Memorandum and Articles of Association.

The Memorandum of Association outlines the company’s objectives, extent of powers, and scope of operations. It’s a crucial document that defines the company’s very existence.

On the other hand, the Articles of Association govern the internal management, administration, and operations of the company. These articles set out the rules and regulations for the company’s day-to-day functioning, including details on shareholders’ rights, board meetings, voting procedures, and more.

Both documents work together to provide a solid foundation for the company’s structure, purpose, and operations, ensuring clarity and legal compliance from the outset.

Appointment of Directors and Promoters

You must now understand the crucial role that directors and promoters play in the formation of a company under the Companies Act 2013.

Directors are responsible for managing the company’s affairs, making strategic decisions, and ensuring compliance with legal requirements. When appointing directors, it’s essential to consider their qualifications, experience, and integrity to uphold the company’s interests.

Promoters, on the other hand, are individuals who conceive the company’s formation and take necessary steps to establish it. Promoters often lay the groundwork for the company’s incorporation, including preparing the necessary documents and fulfilling statutory requirements.

Both directors and promoters are pivotal in shaping the company’s direction, ensuring its success, and maintaining regulatory compliance.

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Compliance and Filing Obligations

Compliance and Filing Obligations

When ensuring compliance and fulfilling filing obligations under the Companies Act 2013, it’s imperative to adhere strictly to the prescribed timelines and procedures. Failing to comply with these requirements can lead to penalties, fines, or even legal repercussions.

To meet these obligations, regularly monitor due dates for filings such as annual returns, financial statements, and other necessary documents. Ensure that all filings are accurate, complete, and submitted on time to the appropriate regulatory authorities.

Non-compliance can tarnish the company’s reputation, affect its ability to conduct business and result in financial losses. By proactively managing compliance and filing obligations, you demonstrate good corporate governance and uphold the legal standing of the company.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can a Foreign National Be a Director of an Indian Company Formed Under the Companies Act 2013?

Yes, a foreign national can be a director of an Indian company formed under the Companies Act 2013.

There are specific provisions and requirements that need to be adhered to for their appointment.

What Are the Tax Implications for a Company Formed Under the Act?

When forming a company, consider tax implications such as corporate tax rates, deductions for expenses, and compliance requirements.

Seek professional advice to navigate tax laws effectively and optimize your company’s financial health.

Is It Possible to Change the Registered Office Address of a Company After Incorporation?

Yes, you can change the registered office address of a company after incorporation.

To do so, you must follow the necessary legal procedures and file the required forms with the appropriate authorities.

What Are the Consequences of Non-Compliance With the Filing Obligations Under the Companies Act 2013?

If you fail to meet filing obligations under the Companies Act 2013, consequences include penalties, fines, and potential legal actions.

Compliance is vital to avoid disruptions, financial losses, and damage to your company’s reputation.

Can a Company Formed Under the Act- Issue Different Classes of Shares With Different Voting Rights?

Yes, a company can issue different classes of shares with varying voting rights.

This flexibility allows companies to tailor their capital structure to meet specific needs and objectives, providing options for shareholders.


So, now you know the different types of companies that can be formed under the Companies Act 2013, the incorporation procedure and requirements, the importance of Memorandum and Articles of Association, and the process for appointing directors and promoters.

It’s crucial to comply with all the filing obligations to ensure smooth operations of your company. Remember, staying compliant with the law is key to running a successful business.


Yuvraj Kore

Welcome to our blog! My name is Yuvraj Kore, and I am a blogger who has been exploring the blogging world since 2017. It all started in 2014 when I attended a digital marketing program at college and learned about the intriguing world of blogging.

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